Brazil Mining and Travel583 – Old

Brazil Mining and Travel


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The Amethyst mines in Brazil are considered the best in the world. To get there you must get to Rio De Janeiro, fly south to Port Alegre, drive 3 hours to Solidad (near Uruguay), and then it’s a 1 hour drive to Amethyst del Sul .

There are hundreds of working mines in the area. All are mined by hand, though small motorized carts may be used to remove excess rock. The cavities are large gas bubbles formed in the cooling larva a millennia ago, the cavities were filled with water and dissolved minerals permeated through the rock. In time these minerals crystallized in these cavities, lining them with a silica layer (in this case Amethyst). These geodes are in a continual state of development as long as the there is moisture present in the basalt. After blasting the rock, the miners locate the undamaged geodes, they then drill a small hole to determine the quality and shape of the amethyst cavity. It can take many hours just to remove a geode. It must be very carefully chipped out of the host rock with minimal damage as this could severely effect the final price. They are then taken to workshop in town where they are cut and polished.

Basalt larva flow

under farmers paddock

Amethyst mine entrance

Amethyst de Sul

geodes in the cave wall

using a light to inspect geode

geodes everywhere




they make their own explosives


Narelle in our warehouse




Specimen now in Museum of Victoria gallery

Selenite in Amethyst



Calcite with Amethyst

Narelle in our warehouse

Selenite in amethyst cave

Selenite in amethyst cave


Selenite on amethyst






Tom and Jon , Cocovada

Rio de Janeiro



Specimen in our Showroom In Melbourne


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